Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee on the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on combating violence against women and domestic violence (COM(2022) 105 final)

EESC 2022/01395

OJ C 443, 22/11/2022, p. 93–100 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

CELEX number: 52022AE1395
Form: Opinion
Author: European Economic and Social Committee

Date of document: 13/07/2022; Date of vote · Number of pages: 8

1.20 The EESC believes that broader violations of health and sexual and reproductive rights such as gynaecological and obstetric violence, forced pregnancy and denial of abortion care, should also be combated as forms of violence against women. Furthermore, the EESC notes with concern that the definition of violence against women does not include existing restrictions on induced abortion undergone freely and safely or the harassment suffered — mainly in the vicinity of the clinics where abortions take place — by women who freely choose this option.

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3.31 The EESC is pleased that forced abortion and sterilisation have been recognised as specific forms of violence. However, broader violations of health and sexual and reproductive rights such as gynaecological and obstetric violence, forced pregnancy and denial of abortion care, should also be combated as forms of violence against women. The EESC notes with concern that the definition of violence against women does not include existing restrictions on induced abortion undergone freely and safely or the harassment suffered — mainly in the vicinity of the clinics where abortions take place — by women who freely choose this option.

Document 52022AE1395

European Parliament resolution of 24 June 2021 on the situation of sexual and reproductive health and rights in the EU, in the frame of women’s health (2020/2215(INI))

CELEX number: 52021IP0314
Form: Own-initiative resolution
Author: European Parliament, Committee on Development, Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality

Date of document: 24/06/2021; Date of vote · Number of pages: 20

- whereas SRH services are essential healthcare services that should be available to all and include comprehensive, evidence-based and age-appropriate sexuality and relationship education; information, confidential and unbiased counselling and services for sexual and reproductive health and well-being; information and counselling on modern contraception, as well as access to a wide range of modern contraceptives; antenatal, childbirth and postnatal care; midwifery; obstetric and newborn care; safe and legal abortion care and services, including treatment of the complications of unsafe abortion; the prevention and treatment of HIV and other STIs; services aimed at detecting, preventing and treating sexual and gender-based violence; prevention, detection and treatment for reproductive cancers, including cervical cancer; and fertility care and treatment;

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- Recalls that all medical interventions related to SRHR must be undertaken with prior, personal and fully informed consent; calls on the Member States to combat gynaecological and obstetrical violence by reinforcing procedures that guarantee respect for free and prior informed consent and protection from inhuman and degrading treatment in healthcare settings, including through the training of medical professionals; calls on the Commission to tackle this specific form of gender-based violence in its activities;

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- Calls on the Member States to do their utmost to ensure respect for women’s rights and their dignity in childbirth, and to strongly condemn and combat physical and verbal abuse, including gynaecological and obstetric violence, as well as any other associated gender-based violence in antenatal, childbirth and postnatal care, which violate women’s human rights and may constitute forms of gender-based violence;

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European Parliament resolution of 11 June 2015 on Paraguay: legal aspects related to child pregnancy (2015/2733(RSP))

OJ C 407, 04/11/2016, p. 66–69 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

CELEX number: 52015IP0230
Form: Resolution
Author: European Parliament

Date of document: 11/06/2015; Date of vote · Number of pages: 4

- Recognises that obstetric violence is an intersection between institutional violence and violence against women, constituting a grave violation of human rights such as the rights to equality, freedom from discrimination, information, integrity, health and reproductive autonomy, the consequences of which are degrading and inhumane childbirth, health complications, severe psychological distress, trauma and even death;

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COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Bosnia and Herzegovina 2023 Report Accompanying the document Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions 2023 Communication on EU Enlargement policy

SWD/2023/691 final

CELEX number: 52023SC0691
Form: Staff working document
Author: European Commission, Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations

Date of document: 08/11/2023

- Bosnia and Herzegovina needs to improve conditions in hospitals and maternity hospitals and ban obstetric violence, in line with its obligations under the Istanbul Convention. While there has been improvement in addressing gender-based violence, Bosnia and Herzegovina still needs to make significant investments in developing its multi-sectoral response mechanisms, including in healthcare institutions, for victims of gender-based violence, including sexual violence. Bosnia and Herzegovina needs to continue aligning healthcare, maternity, paternity and parental leave benefits and ensure that women, including women from marginalised groups, have equal access to health insurance and services.

Document 52023SC0691

COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Bosnia and Herzegovina 2022 Report Accompanying the document Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions 2022 Communication on EU Enlargement policy

WD/2022/336 final

CELEX number: 52022SC0336
Form: Staff working document
Author: EEuropean Commission, Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations

Date of document: 12/10/2022

- Women and girls were disproportionally affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, most particularly by being on the frontlines of the pandemic and through loss of jobs in care, hospitality and services. Authorities need to ensure inclusion of a gender perspective in planning and implementation of relief and recovery measures aimed at addressing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, the pandemic highlighted issues with access of women to medical facilities for regular prenatal examinations and increased morbidity and mortality related to pregnancy and childbirth complications. Bosnia and Herzegovina needs to improve conditions in hospitals and maternity hospitals and ban obstetric violence, in line with its obligations under the Istanbul Convention.

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European Parliament resolution of 15 February 2023 on the proposal for a Council decision on the conclusion, by the European Union, of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (COM(2016)0109 — 2016/0062R(NLE))

OJ C 283, 11/08/2023, p. 149–162 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
OJ C 283, 11/08/2023, p. 112–125 (GA)

CELEX number: 52023IP0047
Form: Resolution
Author: European Parliament, Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, Committee on Legal Affairs, Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality

Date of document: 15/02/2023; Date of vote · Number of pages: 14

- whereas gender-based violence, committed in particular against women and girls, may take many forms such as physical assault, sexual violence, including rape, female genital mutilation, femicide, trafficking of women and girls for the purposes of sexual exploitation, sexual harassment, ‘honour crimes’ and forced marriages, marital captivity, forced sterilisation, forced abortion, as well as the denial of safe and legal abortion, obstetric and gynaecological violence, institutional violence, vicarious violence, economic violence that occurs within the family and/or domestic unit, stalking, bullying and harassment, hate speech, both online and offline, and various forms of cyberviolence; whereas gender-based violence against LGBTIQ+ women includes additional forms of sexual violence, such as ‘corrective’ rape and sexual harassment, female and intersex genital mutilations, forced sterilisation of trans and intersex people and conversion therapy;

Document 52023IP0047

European Parliament resolution of 21 January 2021 on the EU Strategy for Gender Equality (2019/2169(INI))

CELEX number: 52021IP0025
Form: Own-initiative resolution
Author: European Parliament, Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, Committee on Culture and Education, Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality

Date of document: 21/01/2021; Date of vote · Number of pages: 24

- whereas violence against women in all its forms (physical, sexual, psychological, economic or cyber violence) is a violation of human rights and one of the biggest obstacles to achieving gender equality; whereas a life free from violence is a prerequisite for equality; whereas gender-based violence in health such as, for example, obstetric and gynaecological violence, are forms of violence that have only come to light in recent years and whereas violence against older women still remains largely under-recognised; whereas disinformation campaigns to undermine gender equality also block progress on the issue of eliminating violence against women, as has been seen in relation to the Istanbul Convention, leading to public opposition and harmful political decisions in some Member States;

Document 52021IP0025

European Parliament resolution of 26 November 2020 on the situation of Fundamental Rights in the European Union — Annual Report for the years 2018 — 2019 (2019/2199(INI))

CELEX number: 52020IP0328
Form: Own-initiative resolution
Author: European Parliament, Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, Committee on Constitutional Affairs, Committee on Petitions, Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality

Date of document: 26/11/2020; Date of vote · Number of pages: 19

- whereas cases of gynaecological and obstetrical violence have been increasingly denounced in several Member States (54); whereas the rights of women in all their diversity are protected under the Treaty, including Roma women, black women and women of colour, LGBT women and women with disabilities; whereas Roma women are particularly affected as regards women’s rights and often face exacerbated forms of verbal, physical, psychological and racial harassment in reproductive health care settings; whereas Roma have also experienced ethnic segregation in maternal health care facilities, and are placed in segregated rooms with segregated bathrooms and eating facilities; whereas in some Member States Roma have been subjected to systematic practices of forced and coercive sterilisation and have been unable to obtain adequate reparations, including compensation, for the resulting violations of their human rights;

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- Strongly condemns all forms of sexual, gynaecological and obstetrical violence against women, such as inappropriate or non-consensual acts, painful interventions without anaesthetic, female genital mutilations, forced abortion, forced sterilisation and forced surrogacy;

Document 52020IP0328